How Vegans & Vegetarians Prevent & Heal Tooth Decay

Vitamins K2, D, and A — They Depend on Each Other

By Val Archer
An excerpt from Lesson 47 of The Vegetarian Mastery Program
This article is a prelude to the upcoming ebook Building Strong Bones and Teeth with Raw Food – for Vegans & Vegetarians by Val Archer. Register today at GreenSmoothie.com to receive a free copy of the book.
Vitamins A, D, and K2 are on the same team. A and D tell your cells to make a variety of proteins — especially those involved with calcium — and K2 gets those proteins to work, and not lie around idle.
Vitamins A (retinol) and D (cholecalciferol) don’t directly instruct your DNA. They’re vitamins, not hormones. Your body changes them into various metabolites, including retinoic acid and calcitriol. It’s these two that bind to cell receptors and tell your genes what to do.[1]
Take, for example, the protein osteocalcin. It fixes calcium and phosphorus into your bones and teeth. Your bone-building cells (osteoblasts) will make osteocalcin only when both vitamins A and D are present.
Your bones sport a matrix of vitamin-K2 dependent proteins, not just osteocalcin.
All Known-To-Date Health Benefits of Vitamin K2
Canadian naturopath Dr. Kate Rhéaume-Bleue is the author of the tell-all book on K2, “Vitamin K2 and the Calcium Paradox: How a Little-Known Vitamin Could Save Your Life.”
In her book, she prints this chart of, “what we know about vitamin K2 to date.” (June 2013):[1]
Her chart is published (with permission) on Greensmoothie.com and Veghealth.com.
To explore the K2 connection to any specific disease listed in her chart, you need to read Dr. Kate’s book.
K2 research is so young! Expect the list of ways vitamin K2 is known to impact your body in leaps and bounds. With one class of vitamin K-dependent proteins — transmembrane Gla (TMG) proteins — no one knows what they do![2]
Why does sperm possess a K2-dependent protein? Why does the nucleus of every cell have a receptor for K2? Why is there so much K2 in your mitochondria, the little power plants in your every cell that produce energy for you? We don’t know.
Let’s look at just two wonders of K2 (see cites to original studies in Dr. Kate’s book).

Vitamin K2 Gives You Healthy Dental Arches

Have you noticed how many children need braces these days? In one documentary of a raw vegan family, I was struck by how all the children’s teeth stuck out abnormally. Their dental arches were too cramped to hold a full set of adult teeth.
How often do you see a set of “pearly whites” in a teenager — straight, healthy, adult teeth in a normal dental arch?
It’s become so common to wear braces and extract our wisdom teeth. Nobody questions why our jaws are not wide enough to fit all our teeth.
Where does it begin? In pregnancy. The mother was vitamin K2-deficient.
You recall MGP is the K2-dependent protein that keeps calcium out of your soft tissues, like arteries? MGP also maintains growing cartilage in a normal, non-calcified state.
You know that most bones start out as flexible cartilage. As a child grows from fetus to baby to adult, the cartilage is slowly replaced by bone.
The bones of your dental arch depend on how your nose grows in the womb! In the fetus, the piece of cartilage that separates the two nasal cavities and forms your nostrils, is rich in MGP.
When the MGP is inactive — because there’s no K2 in mom’s diet to activate it – you get premature calcification of this nasal cartilage. This early hardening of the nose and jaw stunts the growth of the face.
This stunted development of the lower third of the face results in narrow dental arches that can’t accommodate a full set of adult teeth.
You don’t see the problem in children. They have only twenty baby teeth. Only when the cuspids (eyeteeth or canine teeth) erupt at age twelve or thirteen, do they come out of place.
When there’s no room for the eyeteeth to erupt normally, they will protrude behind — or in front of — the other teeth. In some cases, they will get pulled out.
Dental arch deformity increases with birth order. I’m the youngest of three children and I have, by far, the worst crowded teeth.

Vitamin K2 Protects You From Senile Dementia

Vitamin K2 is essential for your nervous system. Your brain contains high concentrations of K2. Deficiency results in brain-fog and learning difficulties.
Interestingly, only in your brain, K2 protects you from free radicals. Hence its role in preventing multiple sclerosis (lesions in the myelin sheath) and Alzheimer’s. K2 actually helps synthesize the myelin sheath. As for Alzheimer’s, both heart disease and bone loss come along with it.
Vitamin K2 is not an antioxidant anywhere else in your body. That’s the job of the fourth fat-soluble vitamin — vitamin E — to sit inside your cell membranes and protect them from free radicals.
But in your brain, K2 actually prevents free radicals from developing! It doesn’t donate electrons, as vitamin E does. Somehow, in lab studies, it prevents brain cell death by blocking free radical formation.
K2 also helps brain cells to keep their glutathione, the major free radical scavenger in your brain. Once again there’s a connection here with vitamin D. Its metabolite, calcitriol, increases glutathione levels in the brain.
K2 protects your brain cells by an unknown mechanism that is independent of its known action of gamma-carboxylation. This means Vitamin K2 shields brain cells from free radicals even when you’re taking warfarin (a blood thinner).
Good news for victims of a stroke or recurring mini-strokes (TIA’s)! You can take K2 if your doctor agrees. Patients on anticoagulants like warfarin are normally advised not to take K1 (the coagulant vitamin).
Dr. Kate points out that research on vitamin K2 and brain health is in its infancy. Many of these early studies don’t differentiate between K1 and K2, or stupidly they look only at K1. Yet most (70-93%) of the vitamin K in your brain is K2.[2]
Meanwhile, writes Dr. Kate, “I wouldn’t rely on the questionable conversion of K1 to K2 to meet our brain’s need for menaquinone. … Feed your brain with K2-rich grass-fed foods, fermented dairy products, natto or supplements.”[1]
I would add to that, for vegans — and fermented plant foods such as kimchi, so long as you use a starter culture of bacteria that’s guaranteed to produce K2. Learn more about fermented plant foods in the full Lesson 47 on dental health in The Vegetarian Mastery Program.

First Anecdotal Study Questions The Research

I’m living proof that a woman over 60 (I was born in 1948) who’s been vegetarian for 40 years, can get enough vitamin K2 to actually reverse both porous bones (osteopenia) and a lifetime of cavities, by eating large quantities of living greens.
By “living greens” I mean that it is “still growing” the moment you eat it. That is, you’ve just picked moments before from your garden, sprouter or window-sill pot.
At age 23, I decided never to touch fish, animal, bird or eggs again (except egg in cake & cookies). For the next twenty years, I lived on junk food and alcohol, and chain-smoked to boot.
Then in my early 40′s, I hit perimenopause with huge mineral deficiencies. I lost five teeth in five years from 1988 to 1993, either to extraction or root canal.
In 1992 I began to grow micro-greens and sprouts in my Brooklyn apartment. A year later, I read Dr. Ann’s Energy Soup* recipe in her book “Rebuild Your Health.” I blended the greens and sprouts I was growing. My teeth healed. After a lifetime of cavities and surgical interventions (fillings, root canals, extractions) it all stopped within a year!
*At the end of this post you’ll find a healthy “bone building” soup recipe you can try. Feel free to add your own home-grown microgreens for maximum results.
Since then, I’ve had only one cavity, in 2000. At the time I was still eating donuts, pizza, and chocolate, along with my Energy Soup. By 2007 the junk food had fallen away – (I’m so happy to report.)
It shows the power of blended greens! Even when you eat junk, so long as you eat blended or juiced greens every day, the leafy greens will vanquish the junk.
My bones fared just as beautifully as my teeth. I went through menopause in 1995-1996 (age 47-48). In the first five years afterward – a 5-year period when women absorb very little calcium into their bones – I broke three bones in three years from 1998-2000.
My wrist (which is several bones, not just one) fractured so badly that I had to go into surgery. The doctor pointed out my porous bones to me on the x-ray. I clearly had osteopenia (mild bone loss). I spent two months in a cast from my hand to my shoulder, my arm locked in a rigid right angle.
Twelve years later in 2013, at age 65, I went for a bone density test. I’m in every single high-risk category for osteoporosis – skinny white female over sixty years old who’s never had a child and who drank and smoked heavily until her 40′s!
Yet my bones passed top of the class for bone mineral density with absolutely no sign of osteopenia (which is the average for age 65) or osteoporosis (severe bone loss).
You really can reverse weak teeth and bones, with living greens. I’m living proof. I’ve never done weight-bearing exercise. I know I should! I take a daily walk. I also take a green powder supplement several days a week, such as freeze-dried alfalfa grass or barley grass, blue-green algae, spirulina, and chlorella… I vary it.
I ate Dr. Ann’s fermented foods for only five years from 1992 to 1997. But since 1993 I’ve had blended greens about five days a week (or sometimes green juice). I blend my greens into Energy Soup or Green Smoothies.
Energy Soup is better for bones and teeth because it has seaweed for trace minerals, and bean sprouts for extra protein and minerals like phosphorus.[3]
Do leafy greens work for me? I say yes. I’ve eaten cheese all my life. It never saved my teeth and bones. I don’t eat much cheese these days – 2-3 thin slices – and I’ll go days without it, sometimes months.
Yet the very first year I began to add Ann Wigmore’s living greens and fermented foods to my junk food diet, my teeth healed. Within a decade, on greens alone, my bones healed. Actually, I could feel I had strong bones years earlier. But 2013 is when I went for the test.
It’s interesting that my other dairy addictions, like yogurt, ice cream, and chocolate, all fell away over the years. Only cheese and cream, two possible sources of K2, stayed with me. I personally believe that if you want a food, it must have some nutrient your body wants – excluding junk food, that’s addiction!
In my heart, I’m not happy eating cheese. I don’t enjoy pushing a calf away so I can suckle on her mom. Mother cow certainly does not want me suckling on her!
I’ve seen all the cruelty it entails. Even with organic free range cows, where do the male calves go? As Joan Baez sang, “On a wagon bound for market, there’s a calf with a mournful eye.”
I’ve started to take a K2 supplement four days a week, about 600 mcg/week total. I hope this will trigger my body’s innate intelligence to let go of the cheese.
My experience with leafy greens, where I built strong bones and teeth after the age of 45, proves to me that the studies that say we humans can’t absorb more than 200 mcg a day of vitamin K1 – giving us a paltry 20 mcg a day of K2, which is far less than we need – did not use blended and juiced living greens, picked minutes before you eat them.
There’s obviously synergistic co-factors in eating lots of living greens. These secret phytochemicals help with absorption of K1, and with converting K1 to K2. No one’s researched it yet. But I and Dr. Cursio (in the 1930′s) know it to be true. The great apes and bison are on our side! They feed their bones and teeth living greens.
If you buy your greens from the store, so they’re not growing in the moment you eat them, and if you eat salads, then I can’t say it will work. The leafy greens must be alive, and they must be eaten in huge quantity that only juicing and blending give you.
Plus, your juicer and blender break down the chloroplast membranes where K1 is locked in. They release it for absorption.
Large amounts and live! That’s the secret of my slogan: Clean & Feed with Green to Heal.

Second Anecdotal Study Questions The Research

It’s fascinating. As soon as blenders hit the US domestic market in the 1930′s, a natural hygiene (raw vegan) medical doctor, Dr. Christopher Gian-Cursio, discovered that vegans need blended leafy greens for their teeth and bones.[4]
Dr. Cursio worked in upstate New York with the vegan Penepent family over several generations. He discovered in the children that, by giving them blended leafy greens, he reversed teeth and skeletal problems.
In a 1976 interview with Dr. Stanley Bass, Dr. Cursio reports:[4]
“Then I made my shift into more green stuff, blended salads early. I saw the difference. The children were better. Instead of pigeon-chested or chicken-chested, they were fine-chested. … I don’t think there’s a dental carie in the whole group.”
“We have here problems that came up in the children when I followed the strict fruit program with nuts, and minimal amounts, compared to what I use now, of green stuff.”
“These children, the skeletal development wasn’t right, the dental arches were not well-formed, teeth came in crowded because of it.”
“It was only after adding green stuff that I started to see in the pregnancies that followed, and also in the children that were grown, that came from these pregnancies, the difference.”
Pigeon-chested means they had skeletal deformity, so long as they were vegan without blended greens. When they ate blended leafy greens, their bones healed and grew normally.
The 2002 McKeown study says it’s impossible. They claim you absorb a maximum of 200 mcg a day of K1 from food, at which point blood levels plateau. So even if you eat blended salads, you don’t absorb more than 200 mcg of K1 from them. Therefore you can’t get enough K1 to convert to K2.[5]
Dr. Masterjohn uses this study to conclude: “we cannot support our skeletal system with vitamin K1 regardless of how efficiently we may be able to convert it to vitamin K2.”[2]
I disagree. I say, swamp your body with K1 and all its cofactors that accompany it in a living green leaf. Carboxylase will use it in the absence of K2. Who knows, perhaps your body doesn’t even waste energy on converting K1 to K2? Since K1 is just as good as K2 at switching carboxylase on.
Your body is intelligent. If a metabolic pathway doesn’t work, it’ll find another way to do the same thing. All biochemists know this. If you don’t eat enough unsaturated fat to fill all the positions in your cell membranes, your body will use saturated fat instead.
In 2003 Braam et al. gave K1 supplements of 1 mg/day (1,000 mcg) to women aged 50 to 60. It “retarded postmenopausal bone loss by 35-40% during the entire three-year study period.”[6]
At 10% absorption, and a 10:1 conversion rate of K1 to K2, their 1 mg of K1 gives only 10 mcg of K2/day. Not enough to activate osteocalcin. Yet it’s obvious the osteocalcin was being activated!
Granted it was a supplement, and the other research refers to food. I still say it’s proof that K1 goes a lot further than the scientists say it can.
Dr. Cursio’s multi-generational vegan patients, and myself, prove that leafy greens (K1) build strong bones and teeth. We are living proof that the body converts K1 into enough K2 (or uses K1 itself) to whip osteocalcin into action – so that it deposits calcium into bones and teeth.
When researchers claim you can’t do it, I reply: “next time study living greens.”
Animals prove to us you can do it. Most animals are thriving on a high leafy-green diet – unless you’re a polar bear, arctic fox, or tropical big cat.
I bet those lions chew on grass just like my cat Tommy!
Our nearest relatives, the chimpanzees and bonobos, are omnivorous frugivores. They prefer fruit above all other food.

Teeth: An Overview

By Trevor Justice
An excerpt from Lesson 47 of The Vegetarian Mastery Program
There are two factors that can make your teeth vulnerable. The first is eating foods or beverages that coat your teeth with acid or sugar. The second is being deficient in key nutrients.
The Impact of Acid on Your Tooth Enamel
Your tooth enamel is made of an inorganic matrix predominately filled with calcium salts.
The citric acid from acid fruits (such as oranges, grapefruits and pineapples) can dissolve these calcium salts. So can fruit juices. So can the carbonic acid from soda pop. (But surely you’re not still drinking soda pop, right?)
If not removed by brushing and flossing, these acids can decalcify your teeth, leaving a soft organic matrix that’s more vulnerable to eroding, crumbling, or being invaded by bacteria. But don’t brush your teeth immediately because the enamel may still be soft. Wait 30 minutes before brushing.
Incidentally, when you eat lots of sugary foods and don’t brush and floss consistently, you promote the growth of bacteria. That, in turn, produces acid and decalcifies your teeth.
That said, the problem isn’t eating fruit. Rather, it’s leaving acidic residue – or sticky bits of fruit – stuck to your teeth for hours without brushing or flossing.
The book, Becoming Raw, describes a study on 130 people. The subjects were more than 95% raw. Compared to the control group, whose age and sex matched the study subjects, the subjects had significantly more dental erosions (loss of tooth structure caused mainly by acid from foods such as fruit).[7] The subjects on this diet ate almost five servings of citrus fruit a day. And total fruit intake was significantly higher than in the control group.
But if you’re into raw foods, take heart. This is less of a concern with “living foods” vegan diets, which include more grains and sprouts, and minimize fruit consumption.

Dried Fruit Sticks To Your Teeth

At a raw food conference, Jameth Sheridan (founder of HealthForce) explained why eating dried fruit can give you more cavities.[8]
The vitamins and minerals in dried fruit feed plaque and bacteria just like they feed humans. So when dried fruit sticks to your teeth, it creates a breeding ground for plaque and bacteria that’s even more fertile than candy. (Of course, candy has no vitamins or minerals).
The best way to integrate dried fruit into your diet is to rehydrate it first (by soaking it in water). Once rehydrated, it’s not so sticky.
Rehydrating is a common practice in raw food recipes and smoothies. For example, when I buy dried apricots, figs, or goji berries, I soak them in a jar of water overnight, then blend them into my morning smoothie.
Bottom line: If you eat lots of acid fruit or dried fruit, we recommend flossing and brushing your teeth 30 minutes after eating. (But not right away, since your tooth enamel may still be soft.)
If that’s not possible, eating celery afterwards can help remove food debris from your teeth. At the least, swish water in your mouth after eating fruit.

Plant Sources of Vitamin D

In lesson 11 of The Vegetarian Mastery Program you’ll learn how mushrooms and algae make ergosterol, a molecule that becomes ergocalciferol (also known as vitamin D2) when irradiated by the sun’s ultraviolet rays.
When you swallow and absorb this molecule, your liver and kidney add OH groups, turning it into activated vitamin D2.
Recently, the food industry came up with a way to convert more of the ergosterol in mushrooms into ergocalciferol (vitamin D2). They expose mushrooms to UV light. Dole calls these “Mega Vitamin D mushrooms”. They’re also referred to as light-zapped mushrooms.
Vitamin D2 is also found in supplements and many fortified non-dairy milks.
The multi-vitamin we recommend is Dr. Fuhrman’s Gentle Care Formula. It supplies the required daily allowance of Vitamin D, B12, K2, all of which are extremely rare in plant foods. You can order it here: www.veganmultivitamin.com

The Energy Soup Recipe

This is the easiest, healthiest, quickest meal on earth!
To check out Val Archer’s Energy Soup recipe, click here: http://www.greensmoothie.com/blend/energy.php

Luz Zelaya’s Mineral Rich Raw Soup

This recipe is specifically designed to help you build strong bones and healthy teeth. Enjoy!

1 cucumber
2-3 lemons or limes peeled whole
2-4 cloves of garlic
1/3 of a medium size red onion
pinch of cayenne
Celtic gray sea salt to taste
1 Tblspn olive oil
1 Tblspn raw apple cider vinegar
1 avocado
1 handful of pumpkin seeds
3 cups water

Wash, and chop/peel ingredients as needed. Put garlic, onions, seeds and fluids in and blend these thoroughly first. Then add the rest and blend until smooth.

References

  1. [1] Rhéaume-Bleue, Kate, B.Sc., ND (2013). Vitamin K2 and the Calcium Paradox: How a Little-Known Vitamin Could Save Your Life. HarperCollins Canada. Kindle Edition. ISBN 978-1443427562.

  2. [2] Masterjohn, Chris, PhD, “On the Trail of the Elusive X-Factor: A Sixty-Two-Year-Old Mystery Finally Solved,” article in Wise Traditions in Food, Farming and the Healing Arts, Spring 2007. One of the most brilliant science papers of our century (in my view). Dr. Masterjohn shows how vitamin K1 in rapidly growing, green grass is the precursor to Activator X (discovered by Dr. Weston Price in the 1930′s) while Activator X itself is vitamin K2. This paper triggered Dr. Kate to write the first book on K2, summarizing all K2 research to date.

  3. [3] Archer, Val, “Raw Food Recipes“. This gives you links to all recipes mentioned in this article, and to Ann Wigmore’s Chart for Raw & Living Foods, and Avoid Altogether Foods.

  4. [4] Bass, Dr. Stanley S., (1976).”Vegan Diet Dangers,”. Dr. Bass’s 1976 interview of natural hygiene doctor Dr. Christopher Gian-Cursio re. Dr. Cursio’s multi-generational work with the vegetarian Penepent family in upstate New York in the 1930′s (extracted from the booklet “With Three Generations of Vegetarian Hygienists”). This is the only multi-generational study of vegans I’ve found to date. I emailed numerous vegan leaders, families & organizations asking if they know of any other.

  5. [5] McKeown NM, Jacques PF, et al. Dietary and non-dietary determinants of vitamin K biochemical measures in men and women. J Nutr. 2002; 132(6):1329-1334.

  6. [6] Braam LA, Knapen MH, Geusens P, et al. Vitamin K1 supplementation retards bone loss in postmenopausal women between 50 and 60 years of age. Calcif Tissue Int. 2003 Jul; 73(1):21-6.

  7. [7] Davis, Brenda, RD and Melina, Vesanto, MS, RD. (2010) Becoming Raw. (pp. 41) The Book Publishing Co.

  8. [8] Sheridan, Jameth (2005) Jameth Sheridan’s lecture on dental health. Lecture conducted at the Living Light Expo, 2005.

15 Comment(s)

  1. Really interesting, would like to participate on Thursday. Thanks

    E. Jones | Reply

  2. This is very interesting information. For the last 5 years,my family is 90% vegan, we eat 80% of organic raw, whole foods. My children have a lot of dental cavities. 2 moths ago I started making green juices and hope their teeth will improve.

    Alexandra | Reply

  3. Vitamin D2 isn’t absorbed as well as Vitamin D3 and Vitamin D2 comes from mushrooms that are irradiated not mushrooms naturally exposed to the sun.

    Vegans should take a Vitamin D3 supplement that comes from Certified Organic mushrooms which is Nature’s Plus Source Of Life Garden Vitamin D3.
    Vegans should also take Nature’s Plus Source Of Life Garden Vitamin K2 from Certified Organic Natto.

    Ty | Reply

  4. Loosing a tooth can also be because of not enough strong collagen in your gums. You need enough vitamin C and Lysine for that too.
    Thanks

    Brian | Reply

  5. Does this plan help with demineralization at the gums and with a piece of tooth missing? If I am very careful how long should I try this before seeking a dentist. I really want to try this first.

    Thanks for all of the info. It is VERY challenging to find any tooth info for vegans. This was very well put together.

    Tessie | Reply

  6. Hi Tessie — it’s always best to visit a professional first, whether doctor or dentist, for a diagnosis. Then only explore your alternatives for that diagnosis. The medical world is the best at diagnostics.

    Multiple factors will lead to weak and bleeding gums. Vitamin K2 deficiency has nothing to do with that. Increase your intake of leafy greens (especially the dark tough ones like kale and collards), seeds (chia, flax, hemp, sunflower, sesame, pumpkin) and cooked beans & lentils if you eat cooked foods, otherwise bean sprouts. These are all good mineral sources. Also sea vegetables for trace minerals, such as kelp and dulse. It’s a good idea to take a mineral supplement too, like ConcenTrace. All these foods will give you the proteins, fats, vitamins & minerals needed to build healthy gum tissue.

    Similarly, vitamin K2-dependant proteins can’t pack calcium into the missing part of a tooth. We can remineralize little cavities, up to two millimeters deep. Prof. Sally Marshall of the University of California was able to regrow some dentine in teeth by painting a solution of calcium ions onto the damaged dentine. But to regrow a totally missing piece is another story! Science would say it’s impossible. Someone with control over their own energy might be able to. You hear stories of people who heal their own broken bones overnight. Ultimately we’re all packets of energy.

    Definitely follow all the tips in this article for dietary change. But also visit your dentist!

    valarcher | Reply

  7. I have three teeth that are quite messed up :D All of them in the upper row, in the back.

    “We can remineralize little cavities, up to two millimeters deep.”

    I think one of them is maybe beoynd that 2 mm limit (wisdom tooth) and maybe it can’t be saved, but the other two, while seriously damaged, can be cured i guess.

    I’m gonna do my best and document my process as best as i can and make it public. Revolutionary stuff right here! Already looked up for teeth mirror for some proper before/during/after pics.

    I haven’t gone to dentist because it sucks, it’s expensive and i have had this faith that cavities can indeed be cured without dentist. Also because this another way for me to further my cause of rEVOLution <3 I have been planning this for a long time but soon i'll begin.

    I can become (another) living example of how change of diet (and attitude) is all that is needed for getting rid of those nasty cavities. Angels, crystals, meditation and such can also help me <3

    My plan is to grow at least spinach, parsley, basil, wheat and barley under leds (they also get sunlight), then outside and juice these for K1 (which metabolizes into K2.) I'm also going to add some wild stuff when the season starts.

    More K2, beneficial bacteria and other good stuff from natto capsules, spirulina, kombucha and sauerkraut/kimchi.

    D3 from plenty of sunlight and possibly from fermented cod liver oil. I would like to do it 100% vegan, but if needed i can take some animal based stuff.

    Vitamin A from carrots, squash, sweet potato etc.

    Then i'm going to avoid all the foods that are bad for my teeth and brush my teeth with best possible paste and (maybe make one myself) floss every day. Oil pulling with coconut oil can't hurt :)

    My plan is not ready yet but it's forming up nicely i think. This curing my cavities thing can be a blessing. Should make my diet even healthier.

    Pekka | Reply

  8. Hi. I was wondering… Taking all of this info into account, is it possible for a child needing braces to instead expand and grow their dental arch and jaw? Or what about adults who need braces? Is it too late for them? Thanks

    Marissa Byrne | Reply

  9. Hi Marissa – the dental arch is formed during pregnancy. When the mother is K2 deficient, then the child may be born with a dental arch too small for a full set of adult teeth. By teenage years it’s too late to do anything about the arch.

    valarcher | Reply

  10. If my 6 and 4 year old have smaller arches, is there still time for it to correct with adding a lot of greens and green soups? Also, I make homemade natty now for vit k2 as well.Thanks

    Larissa | Reply

  11. Hi Larissa – dental arches are formed in the womb. In early teens it’ll show up whether they’re too small or not. Dr. Kate writes in her book that after the baby is born, by that time it’s too late to change the arch. However the blended greens will help to build strong bones & teeth in your children.

    Val Archer | Reply

  12. Hi Val! Great information! I love it! I was wondering how much living greens you were taking each day in your soups and smoothies? I’m thinking about growing my own and trying this, but I have no idea how much to grow and how much to take each day.

    Emily | Reply

  13. Hi Emily – the recommendation from nutritionists like Brenda Davis, RD, Vesanto Melina, RD, and Joel Fuhrman, MD, is to have 600 grams a day, that’s one pound to pound & quarter. I’m sure I did that at the time I was healing but today, now that I’m in balance, I eat about half that daily. Remember green juices are a good way to get more leafy greens into you!

    Val Archer | Reply

  14. Hi How are your teeth now?

    Senthuran Thevaseelan | Reply

  15. Hi Senthuran – feedback from the original author is that they’re still strong! K2 is the critical nutrient needed for strong bones and teeth.

    Val Archer | Reply

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